drill bits



drill bits

Postby grumpyvette » April 11th, 2011, 4:47 pm

most guys don,t give a great deal of thought to the drill bits they select and thats a problem in that theres a huge difference in quality between brands and types of drill bits and most guys are clueless as to how to drill steel, how many times do you see guys try to drill steel that just lean on the drill and try to drill as fast as possible, in most cases all that results is a dimple and a burnt out ruined drill bit, steady pressure, slow speed and lots of cutting oil is usually a better approach on hardened or stainless steel, but the quality of the material the bits made from also effects your results, cobalt drill bits, titanium coated, high speed steel?
you tend to get what you pay for and the better bits tend to be more expensive!
This depends on the hardness of the steel in question.

Ordinary twist drill bits are only about 65 rockwell C. (Nearly all steel bits are high-speed steels these days.) Hence they simply will not work on the hardest tool steels, and will wear very quickly on medium-hardness, high strength steels. The most practical option is to anneal the part before drilling or machining.

Cobalt bits are only slightly harder, maximum 67-68 RC. The advantage of cobalt bits is they have better heat resistance than high-speed steel bits, hence they can be used at somewhat more aggressive cutting rates and are less likely to burn up. For example, cobalt bits work well for stainless steels which have rapid work-hardening properties.

For drilling tool steels in the fully hardened condition, you need special-purpose tungsten carbide, diamond, or boron nitride tooling. You also generally need a milling machine.

http://drill-bits.blogspot.com/2008/04/ ... steel.html


Drill Bits Material: From Carbon Steel to Diamond
It is important to choose a drill bit made with the right material for your purpose. Getting a softer drill bit than needed will lead to early dullness and uselessness of the tool, leading to endless replacing at best, and a ruined project as one of the sadder scenarios. When picking the material, consider the surface to be drilled into (Soft wood? Hardwood? Metal? Stone?), and the steadiness of the drill itself – a very brittle bit on a cordless drill in the hands of not a very experienced driller is probably not the best idea.

That said, lets consider the standard options:

Low Carbon Steel Drill Bits

This is the cheapest option. Best used only on softwood. Low Carbon Steel bits require frequent sharpening, have a relatively short useful lifespan, and do not hold the edge too well. Buyer beware.

High Carbon Steel Drill Bits

These are an improvement over the above, and can be used on hardwood and even some metals. However their low resistance to heat causes them to loose their sharpness relatively quickly.

High Speed Steel Drill Bits (HSS Drill Bits)

These have essentially replaced the older Carbon steel bits on the market. HSS is significantly more resistant to heat, and as such these bits are well suited to most wood and metal jobs.

Titanium Coated Drill Bits

Titanium coating makes these bits harder and last longer than the common HSS bits. That is because the coating is a hard ceramic material.

There are a number of different Titanium coatings, most common are Titanium Nitride (TiN), Titanium Aluminum Nitride (TiAN) and Titanium Carbon Nitride (TiCN). TiN can increases the life of a drill bit by three or more times. TiAN is considered even better, and can increase the lifespan five times or more. TiCN is also considered superior to TiN.

The problem with coated bits, however, is that once dulled, they can’t be properly sharpened – the coating will be gone, and so will all the benefits of it.

Carbide Tipped Drill Bits

These are very hard, dissipate heat quickly and hold an edge longer than other types. However, Carbide tipped bits are also brittle and are likely to chip if not used carefully.

Cobalt Drill Bits

Cobalt bits retain hardness at much higher temperatures than the HSS ones. However, they are also more brittle than HSS. Cobalt drill bits are most commonly used for drilling stainless steel and other metals.

Diamond Drill Bits

Polycrystalline diamond (PCD) is one of the hardest tool materials. It actually consists of a layer of diamond particles bonded to a carbide support. And since diamond is the hardest thing found in our environment (or at least it is the hardest we know of), the diamond bits can be used on the toughest materials.

Unlike carbide and other types of drill bits, which use sharp edges to cut through material, diamond drills tend to work by grinding away their nemesis on a micro level.

Diamond drill bits can be used on glass, porcelain, ceramic tiles, granite, marble, stone, fiberglass, etc. They are commonly used in the automotive and aerospace industries, and in other environments where abrasive materials need to be drilled.

they all have the correct application!
cobalt alloy steel is hard and cuts well buts its brittle are can,t bend easily
titanium coated alloy steel is durable but not as hard on average as cobalt drill steel
high speed steel, cheap, easier to bend and best used on softer metal


http://www.grizzly.com/products/115PC-D ... Case/H8183

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drill_bit

http://www.sears.com/shc/s/p_10153_12605_00927184000P

http://its.fvtc.edu/MachShop1/coolant/cutfluids.htm

http://www.norsemandrill.com/Catalog_Index.html

http://www.sears.com/shc/s/p_10153_12605_00980210000P

http://www.northerntool.com/shop/tools/ ... _200343070

http://www.northerntool.com/shop/tools/ ... _7899_7899

http://microadvances.com/drillchart.htm

http://www.harborfreight.com/115-piece- ... 47653.html

http://www.grizzly.com/products/170PC-B ... izer/H8182

http://www.grizzly.com/products/Steelex ... -Set/G8866

http://www.harborfreight.com/29-piece-1 ... 36891.html
IF YOU CAN,T SMOKE THE TIRES AT WILL,FROM A 60 MPH ROLLING START YOUR ENGINE NEEDS MORE WORK!!"!
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Re: drill bits

Postby Indycars » April 11th, 2011, 6:52 pm


Seems you also have to consider if the drill bit can be sharpened. Which materials can be
sharpened by DIY'er ??? If its a surface treatment, then sharpening will only remove
what you just paid for.

This question has come to mind several times for me. Ok, it a test to see if your stash of info
includes such hard to find details !
Rick
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Re: drill bits

Postby grumpyvette » April 11th, 2011, 7:29 pm

Ive never been an expert on anything, and I,m still learning constantly, but I have used a drill press and MILL for years so I have at least a bit of reference experience with the tools and drills, obviously having a tool designed to sharpen drill bits is going to be far superior to sharpening them on the shop grind stone or using a dremel tool to put an edge on dull bits
ALL common bits can be resharpened with the correct tool,how long the edge lasts depends on the application and materials and how the bits used, but the basic remains that a bit must be correctly sharpened and drilling steel requires low speeds and lots of cutting fluid to keep the edge cool and clean, and use of a drill press and indexable vise makes cuts far more consistent.
http://www.northerntool.com/shop/tools/ ... _200320247

THERES A VIDEO IN THE LINK
Image

Image
http://www.northerntool.com/shop/tools/ ... _200320241

Ive been looking into getting one of these for a few years, my neighbor has the cheaper version and even that works really well

reading thru the sub linked info will help a great deal
http://store.curiousinventor.com/guides/drill_speed

viewtopic.php?f=27&t=970&p=2373&hilit=drill+press#p2373

viewtopic.php?f=27&t=993&p=4129&hilit=drill+press#p4129

viewtopic.php?f=27&t=1170

viewtopic.php?f=27&t=2198&p=8396&hilit=drill+press#p8396
IF YOU CAN,T SMOKE THE TIRES AT WILL,FROM A 60 MPH ROLLING START YOUR ENGINE NEEDS MORE WORK!!"!
IF YOU CAN , YOU NEED BETTER TIRES AND YOUR SUSPENSION NEEDS MORE WORK!!
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